The Parachute Project: History

Versions 1 and 2, Keele University

The origin of this project was around December 1995 to March 1996.

The final year project in my computer science undergraduate degree was to write an emulator for the Inmos T800 Transputer. This was at Keele University, under Dr. Barry Cook.

The first version was written in occam (converted from occam to C via the SPOC system) - and was very slow. I rewrote it around March 1996, in C (a language with which I was more familiar at a low level). This version 2 was much faster.

Version 3, The Lost Version

A couple years after I graduated, I started afresh with a third version in C++, with Microsoft Visual Studio and MFC; a graphical version with an indended debugger/disassembler user interface inspired by Microsoft CodeView. It would run binary T800 programs compiled by SPOC etc… sadly I never got it to a fully working point, and the code was lost.

Version 4 Part I, On The Train

In 2005, I was bored during my commute to work, and having some time to kill on the train, and an old laptop running Linux, set about starting a new version of the Transputer emulator. This time, the links were connected to network ports. Link 0 can also communicate with a server process. I defined a small protocol for this server; I needed something to get started - although now my current task is to refactor this to make use of the standard Inmos IServer protocol. The emulator/IServer code is at:

I found on the Internet Parallel Computing Archive a project called ttools, which was an assembler/linker/disassembler, custom object format, and boot loader - and also by the same authors, a port of GCC 2.7.2 with the various Transputers as targets. It built OK on the old 32-bit RedHat Linux I had at the time (this was possibly RedHat 7.3 before it changed to Fedora).

So in 2005 I could write in C, or assembler, and run it on the emulator.

Then, as tends to happen with large projects, I changed focus onto something else, and put this to one side…..

Version 4 Part II, Modern Operating Systems

… until Feb 2018. I came across my old Transputer books whilst looking for some other old book, and started leafing through them again, realising that this was an idea that I was once (more than once) keen to pursue.

So, I started dusting off the old code.

First, I’d need to get ttools and gcc building on OSX, CentOS, Ubuntu and Windows 10 - I’d need to make this available on all modern platforms, if it was to be popular and useful. I soon ran into complications. It’s old code, and 64-bit systems weren’t around in its day. I spent a month on the train journey trying to get it building on OSX, and on old VMs of Ubuntu 5.04 - but there are subtle bugs on 64-bit that I ran out of time trying to fix. It might still build fine on 32-bit, but who would want to have an old VM installed, just to make use of an old toolchain?

So I’ve abandoned ttools/gcc. If you fancy a challenge, you can find my efforts at making it work at

My next investigation was an attempt to get eForth running on the Transputer emulator. I’ve always wanted to get eForth running on something, and understand how it works (my last attempt was on the Psion 3c PDA). However, eForth was written using Microsoft MASM, and I obtained a clean assembly in an MS-DOS virtual machine, but did not want to pursue MASM since it is a) not freely available (yes I know you can find it in shady places on the Internet), b) requires a non-free operating system (MS-DOS) that’s painful to use today and c) is not open source. I prefer portable open source systems. So I started looking into using NASM, the netwide assembler… however this did not yield a successful build.

So I set about building my own MASM clone - just the subset needed to assemble eForth. This is now working, and assembling in exactly the same way as MASM does. See:

I now need to write an assembler client library for my emulator’s I/O server protocol, wire this into eForth.

This will give me an emulated system I can work with in eForth.

After some polishing, the emulator now builds on macOS, CentOS 7, Ubuntu 16.04, Ubuntu 18.04, Raspbian and Windows 10. It’s a cross-platform, portable Transputer emulator.